TENDULKAR not a name but an -inspiration in the world of cricket

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Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar, a cricket phenomenon whose talent captured the hearts of billion Indians and also his fans all over the world, will play his last test match– an unparalleled 200th at Wankhede stadium in his home town Mumbai. His longevity and impeccable record, unblemished despite a spate of scandals and outrage in the game of cricket, will make his brand near-impossible to replace. Many Indians fondly say, “Cricket is our religion and Sachin our God”. 

Personal Life

Sachin Tendulkar, an Indian cricketer widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman born at Dadar, Mumbai (born on 24th April 1973). Sachin’s father, Ramesh Tendulkar was a professor of Marathi and his mother Rajni worked in the insurance industry. Tendulkar has three elder siblings: two half-brothers Nitin and Ajit, and a half-sister Savita.

Domestic career

Sachin took up cricket at a very early age. Initially Sachin Tendulkar wanted to be a fast bowler and even undertook trials at the MRF pace foundation, Chennai, but his short height proved to be an obstacle. Changing his school to Shardashram Vidya Mandir and meeting Mr. Ramakant Achrekar (who became his coach) was the turning point of Sachin’s cricket career. Playing for his school, Sachin along with his buddy Vinod Kambli set a world record partnership of 664 runs for the third wicket. There was no looking back after that. Tendulkar selected to represent Mumbai in the Ranji Trophy, India’s premier domestic first-class cricket tournament for the 1st time in 1987.

ImageHowever, he was not selected for the final eleven in any of the matches. He narrowly missed out playing alongside his idol Gavaskar, who had retired from all forms of cricket after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. A year later, aged just 15, Tendulkar made his debut for Mumbai against Gujarat and scored 100 not out in that match. Then Sachin became the only player to score a century on debut in all three domestic first class competitions- 100 not out in the Ranji Trophy (Mumbai vs. Gujarat at Mumbai 1988-89), 159 in the Duleep Trophy (West Zone vs. East Zone at Guwahati 1990-91) and 103 not out in the Irani Trophy (Rest of India vs. Delhi at Mumbai, 1989-90). This was the beginning of what Sunil Gavaskar called an illustrious cricketing genius.

International career

Blessed with the keenest of cricket minds, Tendulkar set about doing what it took to become one of the best batsmen in the world. His greatness was established earlier. He was only 16 when he made his Test debut against Pakistan.  Raj Singh Dungarpur is credited for the selection of Tendulkar for the Indian tour of Pakistan in late 1989. In the fourth and final Test in Sialkot he was hit on the mouth by Waqar Younis but continued to bat, in a blood-soaked shirt.

In a match saving tournament in July-August 1990, he became the second youngest cricketer to score a test century (119 run) in the second test at Old Trafford in Manchester. Wisden described his innings as “as a disciplined display of immense maturity “.

Ups and Downs

Tendulkar’s rise continued when he was the leading run scorer at the1996 World Cup, scoring two centuries. After the World Cup, in the same year against Pakistan at Sharjah, Tendulkar and Navjot Singh Sidhu both made centuries to set a record partnership for the second wicket and India went on to win that match. After that no one can block the cricketing carrier of this “Bombay Bomber”. The little genius, as Sachin is fondly called, has been performing consistently for the country ever since he started playing cricket for India. He had 16 Test hundreds before he turned 25. In 2000 he became the first batsman to have scored 50 international hundreds. In 2002, Wisden Cricketers, Almanack ranked him the second greatest Test batsman of all time, behind Don Bradman, and the second greatest one-day-international (ODI) batsman of all time, behind Viv Richards. In 2008 he passed Brian Lara as the leading Test run-scorer. Tendulkar was a part of the 2011 Cricket World cup winning Indian Team in the later parts of his career, his first such win in six World Cup appearances for India. But every champion has some lean patches, Sachin too had some.

Sachin’s tremendous performances help him to become the captain of Indian cricket team. When Tendulkar took over as captain in 1996, it was with huge hopes and expectations. But sadly this pressure had its impact on Sachin’s batting. However, by 1997 the team was performing poorly.

Tests ODIs
Played 199 463
Runs 15847 18426
Average 53.71 44.83
Centuries 51 49
Half-centuries 67 96
Highest Score 248* 200*

At present Sachin is the highest run getter (18,426) in the one day form of the game and also the highest run scorer (15,847) in the test match as well. Tendulkar has been honored with the Padma Vibhusan award, India’s second highest civilian award, and the Rajiv Gandhi khel Ratna award, India’s highest sporting honor.

He retired from the Indian Premier League (IPL) in May 2013 and has announced that he will retire from the sport in November 2013 after playing his two-hundredth Test match, against the West Indies in Mumbai’s Wankhede Stadium.

Tendulkar, 40, has played more matches, and scored more runs and centuries, than anyone else in either test or one-day cricket, and is the only batsman to compile 100 international hundreds. “Records don’t last forever, but some of Tendulkar’s achievements like 200 Tests and 100 international centuries will be hard to beat” former India captain Kapil Dev said.

The Bandit Queen of India

ImageIn 1963, august 10 Phoolan Devi, popularly known as the “Bandit Queen”, was born in a very poor family in the small village of Ghura Ka Purwa in Jalaun District, Uttar Pradesh. She was the fourth and youngest child of Shri Devi Din and his wife Shrimati Moola Devi.  She was married nearly at the age of 11 to a man named Putti Lal, who was 20 years older than her. After some days she raised hell in her husband’s house and returned to her father’s home. A wife leaving her husband was a serious issue in the rural areas of India, and Phoolan Devi was marked as a social outcast. Due to some family disputes on her parental property, Phoolan Devi had a bad relation with her cousin brother Mayadin. In order to teach her a lesson, Mayadin accused Phoolan Devi of stealing items and arrested her by the local police. She was soundly thrashed by the cops during her three days’ stay in jail.

After the jail journey at the same year in 1979, Phoolan Devi fell in with one gang of dacoits. How this thing happened is unclear but in her autobiography she says: “it was the dictate of fate” that she becomes part of a gang of bandits. The bandit gang had two leaders, Babu Gujjar and Vikram Mallah. The strategy backfired, when Babu wanted to have sex with Phoolan.  At that time, Phooan was saved by Vikram Mallah, who belonged to Phoolan’s own Mallah caste. Vikram Mallah killed Babu Gujjar and assumed the gang leadership the next morning. Undaunted by the fact that Vikram already had a wife and that she likewise had a husband, Phoolan and Vikram began living together. A few weeks later, the gang attacked the village where Phoolan’s husband lived. Phoolan herself stabbed her husband and dragged him in front of the villagers. The gang left him lying almost dead by the road, with a note warning older men not to marry young girls.

Some months later, Vickram Mallah, Phoolan Devi and their gang returned to her home where she was greeted with a parade of hundred or so villagers who treated her as a “goddess” and asked her to bless her village. After that Phoolan participated in several gang’s activities across Bundekkhand, which straddles the border between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The gang’s main hideouts were in the ravines of the Chambal River. These activities consisted of attacking and looting villages where upper-caste people lived.

Sometime later, Shri Ram and Lala Ram, two upper-caste brothers belonging to the Thakur caste that had previously belonged to the gang and had quit to return to their families, rejoined the gang. They consider Phoolan was responsible for the death of Babu Gujjar. As a result a gunfight ensued and Vikram and Phoolan, with not a single supporter, had to make their escape in the dark. However, they were tracked down and Vikram was shot dead. Phoolan was taken to the Thakur-dominated village of Behmai, home to Shri Ram, Lala Ram. There she was beaten and raped by several men belongs to Thakur caste over a period of three weeks.

In the meanwhile, with the help of a low-caste villager of Behmai and two Mallah members from Vikram’s gang, including Man Singh Mallah, Phoolan managed to escape. Both Phoolan and Man Singh then composed a new gang solely of Mallahs. The gang carried out a series of violent robberies across Bundelkhand, usually targeting upper-caste people and shared the loot with the lower caste people.

On the evening of 14 February 1981, Phoolan and her gang marched into Behmai dressed as police officers, at a time when a wedding was in progress in the village. By this time, she had developed a deep hatred for the entire caste of Thakurs. So she killed twenty-two Thakur men. This became a huge headline across the country and V.P. Singh, the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, resigned in the wake of the Behmai killings. Phoolan began to be called the Bandit Queen, who undergoes struggling to survive in the male dominated country.

In February 1983, Phoolan Devi and her gang surrendered, in a ceremony attended by thousands, to the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Arjun Sing, in the city of Bhind, M.P.

Phoolan Devi stood for election to the 11th Lok Sabha, representing the Samajwadi Party in 1996. She was elected in the constituency of Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh. Under Phoolan’s leadership a group called Eklavya Sena helps the lower caste people to learn the art of self-defense. During this period, Phoolan married Umaid Singh, her sister’s husband and a New Delhi business contractor.

On July 2001, Phoolan Devi was assassinated in Delhi by a man who claimed to be avenging the massacre at Behmai. The prime person accused of the murder, Sher Singh Rana alter surrendered to the police.

In 1963, august 10 Phoolan Devi, popularly known as the “Bandit Queen”, was born in a very poor family in the small village of Ghura Ka Purwa in Jalaun District, Uttar Pradesh. She was the fourth and youngest child of Shri Devi Din and his wife Shrimati Moola Devi.  She was married nearly at the age of 11 to a man named Putti Lal, who was 20 years older than her. After some days she raised hell in her husband’s house and returned to her father’s home. A wife leaving her husband was a serious issue in the rural areas of India, and Phoolan Devi was marked as a social outcast. Due to some family disputes on her parental property, Phoolan Devi had a bad relation with her cousin brother Mayadin. In order to teach her a lesson, Mayadin accused Phoolan Devi of stealing items and arrested her by the local police. She was soundly thrashed by the cops during her three days’ stay in jail.

After the jail journey at the same year in 1979, Phoolan Devi fell in with one gang of dacoits. How this thing happened is unclear but in her autobiography she says: “it was the dictate of fate” that she becomes part of a gang of bandits. The bandit gang had two leaders, Babu Gujjar and Vikram Mallah. The strategy backfired, when Babu wanted to have sex with Phoolan.  At that time, Phooan was saved by Vikram Mallah, who belonged to Phoolan’s own Mallah caste. Vikram Mallah killed Babu Gujjar and assumed the gang leadership the next morning. Undaunted by the fact that Vikram already had a wife and that she likewise had a husband, Phoolan and Vikram began living together. A few weeks later, the gang attacked the village where Phoolan’s husband lived. Phoolan herself stabbed her husband and dragged him in front of the villagers. The gang left him lying almost dead by the road, with a note warning older men not to marry young girls.

Some months later, Vickram Mallah, Phoolan Devi and their gang returned to her home where she was greeted with a parade of hundred or so villagers who treated her as a “goddess” and asked her to bless her village. After that Phoolan participated in several gang’s activities across Bundelkhand, which straddles the border between Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The gang’s main hideouts were in the ravines of the Chambal River. These activities consisted of attacking and looting villages where upper-caste people lived.

Sometime later, Shri Ram and Lala Ram, two upper-caste brothers belonging to the Thakur caste that had previously belonged to the gang and had quit to return to their families, rejoined the gang. They consider Phoolan was responsible for the death of Babu Gujjar. As a result a gunfight ensued and Vikram and Phoolan, with not a single supporter, had to make their escape in the dark. However, they were tracked down and Vikram was shot dead. Phoolan was taken to the Thakur-dominated village of Behmai, home to Shri Ram, Lala Ram. There she was beaten and raped by several men belongs to Thakur caste over a period of three weeks.

In the meanwhile, with the help of a low-caste villager of Behmai and two Mallah members from Vikram’s gang, including Man Singh Mallah, Phoolan managed to escape. Both Phoolan and Man Singh then composed a new gang solely of Mallahs. The gang carried out a series of violent robberies across Bundelkhand, usually targeting upper-caste people and shared the loot with the lower caste people.

On the evening of 14 February 1981, Phoolan and her gang marched into Behmai dressed as police officers, at a time when a wedding was in progress in the village. By this time, she had developed a deep hatred for the entire caste of Thakurs. So she killed twenty-two Thakur men. This became a huge headline across the country and V.P. Singh, the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, resigned in the wake of the Behmai killings. Phoolan began to be called the Bandit Queen, who undergoes struggling to survive in the male dominated country.

In February 1983, Phoolan Devi and her gang surrendered, in a ceremony attended by thousands, to the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Arjun Sing, in the city of Bhind, M.P.

Phoolan Devi stood for election to the 11th Lok Sabha, representing the Samajwadi Party in 1996. She was elected in the constituency of Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.

ImageUnder Phoolan’s leadership a group called Eklavya Sena helps the lower caste people to learn the art of self-defense. During this period, Phoolan married Umaid Singh, her sister’s husband and a New Delhi business contractor.

ImageOn July 2001, Phoolan Devi was assassinated in Delhi by a man who claimed to be avenging the massacre at Behmai. The prime person accused of the murder, Sher Singh Rana alter surrendered to the police.

HALLOWEEN IN INDIA

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Halloween or Hallowe’en, also known as All Hallows’ Eve, is a yearly celebration observed in a number of countries on October 31, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows’ Day. It is thought to have originated with the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, when people would light bonfire and wear costumes towards roaming ghosts.

Halloween is usually celebrated among st family, friends and, sometimes, co-workers. However, some areas hold large community events. Parties and other events may be planned on October 31 or in the weekends before and after this date. Adults may celebrate by watching horror films, holding costume parties or creating haunted houses or graveyards.

Many children dress up in fancy costumes and visit other homes in the neighborhood. At each house, they demand sweets, snacks or a small gift. If they do not get this, they threaten to do some harm to the inhabitants of the house. This is known as playing ‘trick-or-treat’ and is supposed to happen in a friendly spirit, with no nasty or mean tricks being carried out.

Now days it is very popular in some parts of India also including Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore. Lots of Indians are staying in USA or other European countries and there are lot others who have returned to India from USA. Because of these people Halloween can become popular in India also. Some IT companies organize small party at their offices, on which people wear spooky dresses, they play some games and enjoy the treats of cakes, Candy and ice cream.

So, when you see shops start selling skeleton masks and glow-in-the-dark devil horns, you know Halloween season is here. But this year, Halloween festival is overshadowed due to the early Diwali date as both the festive are falling within 2 days.

Halloween fest at Delhi

As the city celebrates Halloween grandly, people also bring out their scary masks and grotesque costumes to paint the city red.

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Parties are organized at various watering holes. At other places, face painters and masks are available for those who come minus the finery. Halloween is now catching up in the city. People are widely travelling and they don’t want to miss out on any reason to enjoy.

Halloween fest at Bangalore

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Halloween in Bangalore is also celebrated widely. While youngsters want to look like ghosts by donning a melting skin mask or dress up like the Twilight vampire with blood smeared over the long, sharp teeth and mouth, there is plenty for adults as well. Party organizers, on the other hand, are also working hard to get the right decor to give their venue the spooky look. There are more parties being planned in this time and clubs are also cashing in on the spirit. Pubs are hosted Halloween parties and people who turned up are very energetic. People across all age groups are present, including the family crowd. Hotels had skull-shaped bottles from which people could drink and the response was great.

Things you should know to get attention

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Almost all the time, we come across someone that we like. It could be in a restaurant, a cafe, at a conference, at a party or even in college. One of the things that make us all feel good about ourselves is when other people notice us. It can be something in the form of words or it can be in the form of an act of some sort but as much as catching someone’s eye matters, a lot depends on what you do next too.  Below are very good tactics for helping to get people to pay more attention to you.

  • Always look your best

You don’t have to look like a model, or a Plastic, but always presents the very best image of yourself where ever you go, and whatever you do.

  • Speak

Speak in a normal tone. Some people, when they want to be noticed, tend to speak loudly or laugh too much. You want people to notice you, not your act.

  • Be Interesting

One of the biggest reasons that people don’t pay other people much attention is because they don’t find anything about them of much interest. If you want others to pay more attention to you, you have to give them reason. This does not mean like acting like an air head or dizzy, but it does mean that if you are, for example, at a dance… that you are out there on the floor having the time of your life! Who cares if you can’t dance? Do you know how many people think they can’t dance either?! Just have fun and don’t let yourself worry about what everyone else is going to think.

  • Pay attention to others

Another way to get people to pay more attention to you is to pay more attention to them. It is not necessary that you spend all your time and energy giving attention to people that may or may not give some back, but you do have to give some to get some back.

  • Be happy

Happy thoughts make you happy, which in turn creates positive energy. And everyone wants to be around that kind of energy.

  • Act as a leader

Finally, a good way to get attention is to become more of a leader. Create a diversion that draws everyone’s attention to something better, like you.

Yoga to reduce belly fat

 

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“Yoga” a physical and spiritual practice which makes our body fit and perfect. Lack of exercise, busy life style, high stress level and most important junk food all are helps to achieve a flabby tummy.

Basic and effective asanas are below

1)     Tadasan (Mountain Pose)

2)     Surya Namaskar

3)     Paschimottanasana

4)     Ustrasana

5)     Marjariasana

6)     Dhanurasana

7)     Bhujangasana